1. We use the Participles
to form tenses:
:: BE + Present Participle --> Progressive Tenses
|I am walking
|she/he was walking
|they will be walking
:: HAVE BEEN + Present Participle --> Perfect Progressive Tenses
|I have /he has/ been studying
|she/he had been studying
|they will have been studying
:: TO HAVE + Past Participle --> Perfect Tenses
|I have /she/he has/ worked
|she/he had worked
|they will have worked
:: BE + Past Participle --> Tenses in Passive Voice
2. We use the Participle as adjectives (a smiling face, a running child, stolen pictures, broken glass, etc.):
the Present Participle is used in Active Voice to describe what somemebody or something is (What kind?)
1. Last month we returned home from an exciting vacation abroad.
2. It was a very boring movie.
3. Jane likes her new job although it's a bit tiring.
4. He told us an amusing story.
3. We use the Participles in some adverbial constructions:
| the Past Participle is used in Passive Voice to describe how someone feels (How do you feel?):|
1. Robert was disappointed with his new job.
2. It was a very long travelling and they were really exhausted.
3. The movie didn't interested her and she was bored long before it was over.
4. Her daughter was so frightened by the tale that she couldn't sleep.
5. Her fingers were swollen
1. Do you know the girl dancing in the rain? (Do you know the girl who is dancing in the rain?)
2. Reading the essay he found a lot of mistakes.
3 After talking to my parents I always feel better.
4. The Present Participle is used after the verbs HEAR, SEE, NOTICE.
Verb + the Present Participle + Adverb
1. The mother heard her baby crying loudly.
2. I saw him running fast in the street.
3. She heard the car stopping suddenly.
Verb + the Present Participle + Direct Object
1. The teacher saw the student smoking a cigarette.
2. The man noticed someone opening the door.
5. The Past Participle is used after the verbs HEAR, SEE, NOTICE, and also HAVE, LIKE, WANT in Passive Voice:
1. They saw the burglars arrested by the police.
2. He must have his photo taken.
3. My daughter wanted the skirt shortened.
4. Their children liked the chicken roasted.
6. The Present Participle is also used:
to express the time of an action
Hearing (when he heard) the bell, he jumped up.
to express the manner of an action
She came into the room smiling.
to express the purpose of an action
Being angry (as he was angry), he left the house earlier.
The Present Participle
The Past Participle
List of Irregular Verbs