## English Numbers: Cardinal Numbers

The following table shows the names of numbers. These numbers are sometimes called cardinal numbers. You can see from the numbers in this table how to form all other numbers.

 Cardinal Numbers /числителни бройни/ 0    zero, oh, nought, nil, love, nothing 1    one 2    two 3    three 4    four 5    five 6    six 7    seven 8    eight 9    nine 10   ten 11   eleven 12   twelve 13   thirteen 14   fourteen 15   fifteen 16   sixteen 17   seventeen 18   eighteen 19   nineteen 20   twenty 21   twenty-one 22   twenty-two 23   twenty-three 24   twenty-four 25   twenty-five 26   twenty-six 27   twenty-seven 28   twenty-eight 29   twenty-nine 30   thirty 40   forty  (no "u") 50   fifty 60   sixty 70   seventy 80   eighty 90   ninety 100   a/one hundred 101   a hundred and one 110   a hundred and ten 120   a hundred and twenty 200   two hundred 1,000   a/one thousand 1,001   a thousand and one 1,010   a thousand and ten 2,000   two thousand 10,000   ten thousand 11,000   eleven thousand 100,000   a/one hundred thousand 1,000,000   a/one million 2,000,000   two million 1,000,000,000   a/one billion

Note: In the past British speakers used "billion" to mean a million million. However, nowdays they usually use it to mean a thousand million (a milliard), like American speakers.

### Expressing Numbers in English

:: If a number is in the range 21 to 99, and the second digit is not zero, we should write the number as two words separated by a hyphen:
25   twenty-five
57   fifty-seven
89   eighty-nine

:: Numbers over 100 are generally written in figures. However if you want to say them aloud or want to write them in words rather than figures you put 'and' in front of the number expressed by the last two figures. For example:
203      two hundred and three             (AmE: two hundred three)
622      six hundred and twenty-two     (AmE: six hundred twenty-two)

:: Numbers between 1000 and 1,000,000 is usually said or written in words as:
1,803    one thousand, eight hundred and three            (AmE: one thousand, eight hundred three)
1,963    one thousand, nine hundred and sixty-three     (AmE: one thousand, nine hundred sixty-three)
2,840    two thousand, eight hundred and forty            (AmE: two thousand, eight hundred forty)

Four-figure numbers ending in 00 can also be said or written as a number of hundreds. For example, 1800 can be said or written as "eighteen hundred"

:: If the number 1963 is being used to identify something, it is said as "one nine six three". We always say each figure separately like this with telephone numbers. If a telephone number contains a double number, we use the word "double":
561 6603    five six one [pause] double six 'oh' three  (AmE: five six one [pause] six six 'oh' three)

:: Saying years. We normally say a year in two parts. In the case of years ending in "00", we say the second part in "hundred":
1058   ten fifty-eight
1706   seventeen hundred and six (or 'seventeen oh six')
1865   eighteen sixty-five
1900   nineteen hundred

There are two ways of saying years ending in "01" to "09" before 2000. For example: "1901" can be said as "nineteen oh one" or "nineteen hundred and one". The year 2000 is read "two thousand", 2006 "two thousand and six" (AmE: two thousand six). Post-2010 dates are often said as normal (2010 would be "twenty ten").

:: Flight numbers. We pronounce a flight number in two parts or digit-by-digit. For example:
110      one ten (or 'one one oh')
1248    twelve forty-eight
2503    twenty-five oh three
3050    three oh five oh (or 'three zero five zero', 'thirty fifty')

:: Expressing millions.
1,412,605        one million four hundred (and) twelve thousand six hundred (and) five
2,760,300        two million seven hundred (and) sixty thousand three hundred

Remember: The British use 'and' before tens and ones but the Americans usually leave the 'and' out.

### Ways of expressing the number 0

 0 = nilin football and other sports, for scores of 0 (AmE: zero or nothing) 0 = lovein tennis 0 = zeroin temperatures to refer to freezing point (0° Celsius, 0° Fahrenheit) 0 = noughtin mathematics (AmE: zero) 0 = ohfor telephone numbers 0 = oh (or zero)for flight numbers

Notes:
1. We use zero to express some numerical values such as temperatures, taxes, and interest rates.
2. We can pronounce "0" like the letter "o", when we are reading out numbers figure by figure (e. g. telephone number, flight number, credit card number, etc.)

### Fractional numbers /дроби/

 ½ a half 0.5 British English nought point five American English zero point five 2½ two and a half 2.5 two point five ¼ a quarter 0.25 British English nought point two five American English zero point two five ¾ three quartersAmerican English also three fourths 0.75 British English nought point seven five American English zero point seven five

### Writing full stops and commas in numbers

Use a full stop (.) to separate the main part of a number from the decimal part. 3.062 means 'three point nought six two'.

Say point to refer to the full stop. You can use a comma (,) in large numbers to separate the hundreds, thousands, and millions. 3,062 means 'three thousand and sixty-two'. In British English, spaces are sometimes used instead of commas (3 062).

Remember: Speakers of some other languages use (,) and (.) in the opposite way - the commas for the decimals and the points for thousands, millions, etc.